The third time Nanak Dev ji left home on his famous Udasis (journeys) in 1514 he trekked towards the north. He was amid his very long time companion Mardana ji.
1) Una, Mandi, Rawalsar, Kullu, Manikaran
2) Mount Kaag Bhasund, Garhwal, Haridwar
3) Guru Nanak Mata, Tanda, Nepal(Kathmandu), Chungthang (Sikkim)
4) Lhasha(Tibet), Mount Sumeru
5) Leh, Anantnag, Matton, Bramaulla, Berwa(Budgam)
Guru Nanak at Sri Nagar
Guru Nanak Ji’s first halt was at Srinagar. At Srinagar, Nanak ji met a Muslim faquir referred to as Kamal, and a Hindu pundit known as Braham Das. it’s same that Braham Das was a really self-important man. where he went, he was followed by 3 camels carrying the traditional works he had studied. He was keen on going in prolonged arguments with the holy men he encountered. once he met Nanak ji, within the initial instance, he objected to his dress. Nanak happened to be carrying leather shoes and a fur gown for cover against the Kashmir cold. The Guru neglected it. Braham Das then started displaying his learning and asked Nanak ji concerning the creation of the globe.
Guru Nanak’s reply was most revealing:
For infinite ages there was utter darkness; No earth, no sky, only god’s will.
No day, no night, neither the Moon nor the Sun. He weekday in trance within the void.
There was no eating, no speaking. There was no water, no air,
No creation, no destruction, No coming, no going, there have been no planets, no underworld,
None of the water With rivers flowing into them.
There were no planes: higher, middle or lower,
Neither hell nor heaven, nor any hour of death,
No suffering, no bliss, No birth, no death,
No entry, no exit. There was no Brahma, no Vishnu, no Shiva.
With His order, the globe was created. it’s maintained with none support.
He created Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. He created additionally the love of Maya.
Only some are blessed His Word. He watches and rules over all.
He caused the planets, the hemisphere and therefore the underworld.
And became Himself manifest. it’s actuality Guru alone WHO imparts this Understanding.
Says nanak those that are truthful sleep in Eternal cloud nine.
They are blessed recitation of God’s Name.
Hearing this, Pandit Braham Das was surprised. He was stunned at Nanak Dev Ji’s vision. He became Guru Ji’s adherent and determined to propagate the Word of God. Braham Das stayed within the vale and Kamal and was suggested by Nanak to settle in Kurram from wherever he propagated the Holy Word in Kabul, Kandahar in Afganistan.
Leaving Srinagar, Nanak penetrated the Himalayas and traveled towards Tibet. once he got wind of Lake Manasarovar, he discovered an oversized range of Yogis who had loose from oppression and chaos within the plains and had found shelter in faraway caves within the mountains. The ascetics asked Nanak ji concerning the conditions prevailing within the country below. Nanak chided them for effort from the arduous realities of life the method they’d done. Nanak is well revered by Tibetan Buddhists who take into account him a saint.
The Chopta valley is at an altitude of 13,200ft. it’s breathless alpine scenery with lofty snow capped peaks, rambling rivers and alpine flowers that bloom in June-July. it’s about 20mins drive from Thangu. Gurudongmar Lake could be a holy lake at AN altitude of over 18,000ft, it’s on the far side Chopta and armed with a special allow it’s attainable to go to it. A Gurdwara here commemorates Nanak Dev Ji’s visit and is one in all the holiest Sikh pilgrim shrines within the mountain range.
Situated past the Chopta vale Guru Dongmar could be a lake at a height of 18,000 feet aboard a glacial peak celebrated by the identical name. Nanak visited the place throughout his third udasi so as to solace the Karmapa Nyingmapa sects then being hounded out from Asian nation by the Gelugpa sect. These sects had fled from Tibet to the Himalayan belt of Northern India. several from the Karmapa Nyingmapa sect were the followers of Nanak, as their Head Lamas became Guru Nanak’s followers in Kailash Mansarovar space when being affected by Guru Nanak’s discussions with the renowned Sidhas of the age.
Lake Guru Dongmar
According to a legend some local folks approached Guru ji with an appeal for help. The lake remained frozen throughout most of the year and rendered it incapable as a supply of water. Nanak Dev ji is alleged to own touched the lake and it’s ne’er frozen since. Guru Nanak’s footprints, a gown and a water-carrying implement are preserved in an exceedingly near place known as Lachen Gompha. Here the locals talk over with Guru ji as Rimpoche Nanak Guru who on his thanks to Tibet had lively there.
Some grazers projected another drawback to Nanak ji. because of the result of altitude, their virility was affected. They requested the Guru to try to to one thing concerning it. Nanak blessed the lake, saying,” Whosoever takes the water of this lake can gain virility and strength and can be blessed kids.” The folks of the realm have firm religion in Guru’s words and take into account the water of the lake as nectar. A Gurdwara was made in eighties to commemorate Guru Nanak’s visit to the place
A story they tell is that Guru ji had brought with him a rice meal packed in banana leaves, as is that the custom even nowadays in banana growing areas. the 2 commodities were unknown to Capitol Hill people. Guru ji having detected their wonder conferred them with a share of this strange cereal. They displayed forethought and rather than consumption it wet the rice over the grassland and buried the banana packing in an exceedingly corner. nowadays the village harvests an upscale crop of rice and bananas
The native folks of the realm and Lamas of Karmapa Nyingmapa Sect make sure Guru Nanak’s visit to those areas. The Lamas from these areas are visiting Golden Temple, Amritsar, frequently to pay obeisance to their beloved Guru Rimpoche, Guru Nanak, additionally referred to as religious leader Lama in their areas. Guru Nanak’s footprints, a gown and a water-carrying implement (kamandal) are preserved in Lachen Gompha, Sikkim, ceremonial his visit to the place. Records show that in his journeys to the mountain range and therefore the Far East, as well as China, Nanak visited of these states around 1516 AD. This itinerary is found recorded in Janam Sakhee Bhai Bala; Janam Sakhee Walait Wali; Janam Sakhee Meharban; Janam Sakhee ; Suchak Parsang by Bhai Behlo; Mahima Parkash by cake Sarup Chand; Parchian Sewa Das; religious leader Prakash by Bhai Santokh
Gurudwaras in Jammu & Kashmir
In the year 1516 Nanak started his third udasi i.e missionary tour. This time. he visited Mansarovar, Tibet, China, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. He visited Srinagar, Anantnag and reached Mattan within the interior of the vale.
At Mattan, Guruji had discussion with an excellent Sanskrit scholar Pandit Brahmdas, WHO was pleased with his information.
Guruji on seeing him coming back with vast stock of books, recited the subsequent couplet-
“One might browse thousands of books, with cart load of books to follow,
One might study multitudinous epics or fill, One’s cellars with volumes of study,
One might browse for generations and generations,And pay monthly within the year learning
And one might browse ones entire life, Right up to one’s last breath,
Sayeth religious leader, there’s one truth His name solely, All else is self-importance of the selfish mind
Pandit Brahm Das was agitated and fell at the feet of the Guru. A gurudwara in memory of Nanak has been engineered at Mattan. it’s set at a distance of sixty kilometer from Srinagar. sizable amount of devotees visit this shrine in summer season.
it may be recalled that in 1675 A.D. a group of Kashmiri Brahmins of Mattan visited Anandpur sahib to narrate their tale of woe to Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was deeply moved by their plight. for a few time he was utterly absorbed in thought and long unbroken silence descended upon the complete audience.
The tradition has it that at this crucial moment the young Sahibzada Gobind Rai, out of the blue entered the audience hall from outside. He enquired his father the reason behind this strange silence. The ninth Guru advised him concerning the grave scenario that had arisen within the country within the wake of relkgious ill-usage of Hindus by Mughal rulers and remarked that solely the supreme sacrifice of an excellent man might save the folks. immediately the young aristocrat replied that, there may well be no bigger man than his father himself. This brave remark of Gobind Rai settled the difficulty finally. Guru Tegh Bahadur left for urban center and created the supreme sacrifice on November II, 1675 in Chandni Chowk, for the reason behind truth, Dharma and freedom of religion of the plenty.
Mattan, additionally known as Martand, is AN ancient city four kilometers northeast of Anantnag. Nanak Dev here control a discourse with Pandit Brahm Das and born-again him to his own religion. The shrine established here is termed Gurdwara Patshahi Pahili. Its building made by Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa was replaced by this one throughout the Eighties. It includes an oblong hall with the sanctum at one finish and a veranda ahead.
Gurdwara Sri Nanak Mata sahib (Village Nanakmata)
Gurdwara Sri Nanak Mata sahib is set between Khatema and Sitarganj on the Khatema – Panipat Road, eighteen kms from Khatema and twelve kms from Sitarganj, in district Udham Singh Nagar. This Gurdwara is related to the primary Guru, Nanak Dev ji. However, the sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind sahib ji additionally came to the present place. Nanak Dev ji came here throughout his Third Udasi in 1514 A.D
At that point, this place was the abode of the devotees of Guru Gorakhnath and it had been known as Gorakhmata. The yogis WHO lived here didn’t need the native folks to become learned enough to challenge their superiority. therefore, by exploitation their occult powers, they with success exploited the poor folks. Nanak Dev ji reached this place and weekday for meditation underneath a pipal. The yogis were stunned to determine him there as this place was quite inaccessible, particularly throughout the winters. The weather being cold, Bhai Mardana requested the yogis for a few hearth however was refused. The yogis, instead, taunted him and told him that he ought to go and raise his Guru WHO was with him. At this, Nanak Dev ji checked out a pile of fuel near and it had been instantly lit. The weather suddenly became dangerous and it began to rain. As a result, the fires lit by the yogis were destroyed however the one lit by Guru ji wasn’t affected the least bit. The yogis accomplished their mistake and fell at the feet of the Guru.
Next day morning, all of them gathered along and came to Guru ji for a non secular discussion. They once more used their occult powers and tried to elevate the pipal, underneath that Guru ji was sitting, out of the bottom. once the tree had up by some feet, Guru ji merely placed his hand on that and it stopped rising. the identical tree are often seen within the Gurdwara compound. Guru ji tutored the yogis the trail of true meditation and salvation. This place then came to be referred to as religious leader Mata and have become a serious centre of the Udasi sect.About a century later, cake Almast came here and located that the place had once more be condemned by Gorakhpanthi yogis. He couldn’t evict them and sent a message for facilitate to the Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind European. Guru ji directly came here and reconditioned the place as a Sikh shrine. Thereafter, cake Almast established a really huge non secular centre here. the most gurpurabs celebrated here are the birthdays of Nanak Dev ji and Guru Hargobind ji. The competition of Diwali is additionally celebrated with nice fervour.