Serf Emancipation Day commemorates the emancipation of serfs in Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It is declared as a holiday.
On March 28, 1958, over one million people who had been held in serfdom were ranted freedom. Hence, it marks the beginning of democratic freedom
The People’s Republic of China was formed in 1949 and by 1951 China had taken control of Tibet. The feuds began. On March 28, 1959, Zhou Enlai, PRC’s first “prime minister” gave State Council orders to not only dissolve the Tibet Government but also to suppress the rebellion. The People’s Liberation Army was ordered to take away by force all that the rebels possessed and hand them over to all the serfs. The failure of the uprising led to a violent crackdown of all Tibetan movements that were involved in the fight for independence. Meanwhile, the surfs were destroying their contracts and celebrating on the streets. July 17, 1959, is recorded as the exact day when feudal debts were completely abolished.
In the year 2009, Pang Boyong, the Deputy Secretary of the Tibet’s Congress Standing Committee, presented a bill to the house with an objective to remind both the Chinese and Tibetans of the democratic reforms that begun 50 years ago. The bill recognizing the holiday was voted unanimously by the majority of the legislators to be celebrated on March 28 every year.
The first celebrations were held on March 28, 2009, in Lhasa and was presided over by the governer Qiangba Puncog who led the procession from the Potala Palace. The event was graced by Zhang Qingli, the secretary of the Local Communist Party.. The occasion was attended by over 13,000 people.
Tsering Shakya and the14th Dalai Lama denounced the holiday because he said that China was just declaring an additional holiday to downplay the incident in Tibet, a condemnation echoed by.