The British ruled India for a long time and it was a happy day when they finally left and India was free of them. Once that happened, came the struggle of division of States for an effective administration. Formally known as Bombay State, the state of Maharashtra was formed after diving it based on the languages, Marati and Gujrati Post Independence from the British Rule under the State Reorganisation Act 1956.
The original state had a plethora of languages including Konkani, Gujtrati, Kutchi and Marati. But since having two linguistic units wasn’t ideal for administration, the state of Maharashtra was born. This day is also popularly referred to as Maharashtra Diwas or Maharashtra Din by the Marathi speaking people of the state.
This year, Maharashtra Diwas will be celebrated like every year on 1st May, 2019 which will fall on a Wednesday.
History of Maharashtra Diwas
Maharashtra attained its statehood in India when the Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti was formed. It strived to divide the Bombay State into two separate states, where one spoke Gujarati prominently and Kutchi, while the other state’s people spoke Marathi and Konkani.
The United Maharashtra Movement or Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti demanded that for a unified Maharashtra, Bombay would be part of the state. The Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti began the movement with peaceful agitations from the city of Belgaum (presently part of Karnataka), comprising of men and women across castes and communities.
After much struggle and agitations, the Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti witnessed victory when the proposal for the formation of Maharashtra was put forward and approved in the Lok Sabha. With the resolution being passed in the house, the state of Maharashtra along with Bombay (presently Mumbai) as its capital.