The fourth Udasi was undertaken towards the west.
1) Multan, Lakhpat, Karachi
2) Addan, Jeddah, Al Mecca, Medina
3) Baghdad, Basrah, Karbala
4) Bushehar, khorramShahr
5) Tehran, Ashghabat, urgench, bukhara, Samarkand
6) Kandhar, Kabul, Hassan Abdal, Jalalabad
7) Inscriptions in Turkey, Azerbaizan, Africa & Rome(Possibility)
Starting in Punjab Guru Nanak visited swayer Braham who was the eleventh successor to the Muslim holy sage cake swayer Farid at Pakpattan across the Sutlej from city. From swayer Braham Guru sahib acquired sacred holy scriptural compositions of sheikh Farid whose spiritual message was compatible with his own. He conjointly stopped at Vadodara, Junagarh & Lakhpat. (Lakhpat is concerning 20 kilometer from Korini village wherever there’s a giant Sarovar in memory of the visit by Guru Nanak Dev ji).
From Lakhpat Guru crossed to Pakpattan/Somiani port in Sindh wherever he caught a ship loaded with pilgrims headed West to the Red Sea and Jeddah; from there he traveled SouthEast by foot to Mecca, conjointly spelled Makkah, then he started his trip home traveling East to Medina (lit. the city) the place within which the Prophet of Islam is buried. From here he traveled through what’s currently Kuwait to metropolis so North to Baghdad. He then traveled through Asian country crossing to Kabul in Afganistan and back through metropolis to the Punjab.
Guru Nanak in Pakpattan
Guru Nanak reached Pakpatan (Ajodhan) wherever he met with swayer Brahm who was the eleventh in succession to cake Farid, whose Bani is additionally enclosed in Guru Granth. The Guru had a large vary of dialogue with swayer Brahm. The Guru expressed,
“Thou art the tablet, O Lord, 1000 art the pen, and 1000 art
also the writing,
Speak of the one God; O Guru Nanak, why ought to there be
second.” (Var Malar ki Mohalla one, 28-2, p-1291)
The swayer asked the Guru to elucidate, “You say ,’There is only one God, why ought to there be a second?’, and also the swayer asked:
There is one Lord and 2 ways;
Which shall I adopt, and that reject?”
Guru foreign terrorist organization replied:
“There is one Lord and one way;
Adopt one and reject the opposite.”
Traditionall in a very volt-ampere (like the Asa di Var) there has got to be 2 beings mentioned to hold on a dialogue; therefore the swayer asked the Guru to let him hear a strain in praise of the One God. “My plan is”, aforementioned the swayer, “that adoration can’t be performed while not 2 beings, that is, God and also the Rasul (Prophet). Let Pine Tree State see whom 1000 use as man’s negotiant.” Upon this the Guru asked Mardana to play the Rabab and he uttered the first Slok and Pauri of the Asa di Var:
“I am a sacrifice, Nanak, to my Guru 100 times daily,
Who with none delay created demigods out of man.
Nanak, they who, terribly clever in their own estimation, think
not of the Guru,
Shall be left like spurious sesames in a very reaped field-
They shall be left within the field, saith Guru Nanak, while not AN owner.
The wretches might even bear fruit and flower, but shall
contain ashes among their bodies.
God Himself created the planet, and shaped Himself into Name,
He created Nature by His power; seated He beheld Hiswork with delight.
O Creator, 1000 art the Giver; being happy 1000 bestowest and practisest kindness.
Thou knowest all things; 1000 givest and takest life with a word.
Seated 1000 beholdest Thy work with delight.” (Asa Mohalla one, p-462-63)
The swayer then wished a knife, “Give Pine Tree State such a knife that those that are killed with it, shall be acceptable to God. With the ordinary knife the lower animals are killed. If a man’s throat be cut with this knife, it becomes carrion.”
The Guru replied in affirmative:
“Truth is that the knife, truth is pure steel;
Its fashion is altogether best.
Put it on the hone of the Word,
And match it into the sheath of merit;
If anybody be bled with that, O Sheikh,
The blood of avarice are going to be seen to come.
If man be slaughtered with it, he shall move to meet God,
O Nanak, and be absorbed within the sight of Him.” (Ramkali ki var, Mohalla 1, 19.2, p-956)
On hearing this the swayer raised his head in feeling and aforementioned, “Well done. O Nanak, there’s no distinction between God and thee. Kindly bless Pine Tree State in order that I too is also on sensible terms with Him.” The Guru replied, “Sheikh Brahm, God can cause thy ship to arrive safe.” The sheikh requested the Guru to grant him the firm promise of this. The Guru complied and blessed him with salvation.
According to the Puratan Janamsakhi, the primary 9 pauries (stanzas) of the Asa di var, were spoken by the Guru throughout the discussion with sheikh Brahm and also the alternative fifteen pauries of Asa di var were spoken for Duni Chand Dhuper of city. The Guru then proceeded to Multan, Uch, Sakhar and reached Lakhpat, wherever a Gurdwara currently stands marking the memory of the Guru’s visit. Then he reached Kuriani wherever a tank is named when Guru Nanak. He visited Miani, concerning fifty miles west of town of Karachi and visited the temples of Hindus and also the Muslims within the space. close to Hinglaj, there’s a Dharmsala protective the memory of the Guru’s visit to the present place. From there he boarded a ship for Arabian Peninsula.
Guru Nanak in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Guru Nanak visited Mecca on his fourth (last) udassi (journey/travel). Bhai Mardana went with him and he placed on a blue dress worn by hajjis or Muhammadens who went on journey in those times, with him he took a Faqirs employees in his hand a group of his hymns below his arm, with a jug(lota) for ablutions, therefore he was within the pretence of a pilgrim. Guru Nanak had currently been on his Udasis (travels) for a minimum of twenty years, since his unforeseen disappearance (around 1497) that had afraid his followers and given some who were jealous of his growing influence to start out all styles of mischief, even accusive him of being a outlaw and stealing from Daulat Khan’s stores.
During that point he had visited most of India visiting the east as so much as Assam and Burma; to the South as so much as land (known conjointly as Ceylon and thermoplastic Deep) and to the north he had even crossed the Himalayas visiting Thibet and China. He and his tireless companions had traveled on foot and lived off the land and also the generosity of others, several of whom had become his followers. What a tireless soul he was!
His own words were –
When I visited the Kabbah at Mecca Sharrif i used to be resting. From there a Kaddam (Moluvi/priest) came to Pine Tree State running and with raging anger and said ” O holy person move your feet off from the Kabbah and sit properly”. I aforementioned patiently, humbly “Why speak in most anger (rudely) to inform me for what i’ve got done”. when saying this I began to move my feet, whereever I enraptured my feet the Kabbah sharrif’s door moved. That kaddam/qaddam (priest) when seeing such a miracle was suprised and asked for forgiveness. In such the priest’s data was enlightened and he kissed my (Guru Nanak’s) hands and for his rudeness and asked for forgiveness. Everything that occured was because of Allah’s nice given utmost mercy and beauty.
Guru Nanak in Turkey
The above ( It says – The Lord of the time, resident of India, Guru Nanak the man of God , is found in Istanbul, Turkey) new discovery of a monument of Guru Nanak might connect the travel of Guru Nanak from Mecca to Israel, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey so to Baghdad rather than on to Baghdad from Mecca as is mostly accepted. the final accepted travel of Guru Nanak, entirely supported the information given by Fauja Singh and Kirpal Singh, is drawn in solid lines. consistent with them, Guru Nanak started his travel from Talwandi to Sultanpur to fulfill his sister before continuing to a long travel.
According to Fauja Singh and Kirpal Singh, Guru Nanak boarded a ship that sailed from Sonmiani through Gulf of Eden and Red Sea to Jed’dah (Al Aswad),a port close to Mecca. they assert that when visiting Mecca and Medina, Guru Nanak traveled on to Al-Iraq|national capital} in Iraq then to Teheran and Kabul and eventually back to (Talwandi) Kartarpur. They argued that Guru Nanak followed direct and shortest route to Baghdad than that of long route through Palestine, Syria, and Turkey as mentioned in some Janam Sakhis.
Guru Nanak in Greece
Guru Nanak Dev ji visited Greece, throughout their Udasi towards the west. From town of Athens, the cluster visited the city of Messologhi by ship. They reached there within the evening before Sodar. Almighty Guru ordered Bhai sahib Mardana ji to line the Rabob in Sri Raag in order that they will sing within the praise of actuality Owner of this universe. Guru suggested the residents of Messologhi that it’s not their food or their dress that counts however it’s the Name of Almighty God that counts to cross over the diffcult ocean of this universe.
Guru Nanak in the city of Arta
From the sacred city of Messologhi the whole team reached the city of Arta by yakkas. Next morning each Almighty Satguru and Bhai sahib Mardana ji started singing before the Almighty God and recited Asa Di War. in the morning before dawn Selim-I of empire and his courtiers came to the Sangat.
The great Satguru ordered the Raag Ramkali and recited and spoken the following Holy Lines that are recorded by Satguru Arjan sahib on Holy Page No.955-956 for all of us. In these Holy Saloks the Almighty Satguru Has recurrent the definition of jog, that could be a word from the sanskrit language of India. The meaning of the word is union of one’s soul to God or the Supreme Spirit. it’s derived from Yog or Jog — from Indian word yoga, from Skt. yoga-s, lit. “union, yoking” (with the Supreme Spirit). this can be the word for the traditional Hindu art of Yoga, usually experienced by the Faquirs of India, an art in which Guru Nanak placed very little, if any, belief in as a method of obtaining nearer to God.
Guru Nanak in Kastoria
From Grevana the whole team reached the city of Kastoria.The empire, Selim-I touched the feet of the Almighty satguru and sought-after His permission to travel back to Istanbul(Turkey) and attended the Diwan aftrenoon.Almighty satguru ordered Bhai sahib Mardana ji to play the Sarang Raag on the Rabob and spoken the following Holy Lines–‘ Mahalla-I on Holy Page No. 1238 of SGGS.These Holy Lines Reads–Uniting along, soul and body separate, and having separated they unite once more. Mortel lives, lives to die and dies to turn once more.He becomes the father of the many, the son of the many and also the guru and also the follower of the many.
After the prayer was created and also the Diwan was over, Turkish ruler left for Istanbul by yakkas and Almighty Satguru and Bhai sahib Mardana ji left for Albania by yakka.The Turkish sultan left Kastoria with a significant heart and died when about 5 and a half months in Sep 1520 from the separation from the good Pir, Satguru Guru Nanak sahib ji.
Guru Nanak in Baghdad
After travelling to Madina, Guru Nanak Dev before long arrived in Baghdad and took up a foothold, together with Mardana, outside of town. Guru Nanak Dev ji yelled the decision to prayer, a gesture upon that the entire population became wrapped in silent amazement because the Guru had omitted the same old words Muhammad area unit Rasul Allah, and substituted Arabic words of an identical sound to precise his own ideas.
Meeting Bahlol, the Pir from Baghdad
The Pir (saint) of Baghdad, Bahlol Dana, on a face-to-face meeting with the enthusiastic stranger, inquired who he was and to what sect he belonged. The Guru greeted him with his customary ‘Sat Kartar’ and replied, “I have appeared during this age to point the means unto men. I reject all sects, and solely grasp one God, whom I acknowledge within the earth, the heavens, and altogether directions.”
Upon this the Guru began to repeat the Japji. because the pir listened to his doctrines, he said, “This could be a terribly impious holy person. he’s operating miracles here, and informing us, contrary to the authority of our Holy Qur’an, that there are many nether and higher regions, which eventually men grow weary of attempting to find them.” Guru ji spoke:
“There are nether worlds and a lot of nether worlds below them and many thousands of skies higher than them. The Vedas (religious texts) pronounce that folks are uninterested in looking Gods limits and bounds. The saints, puranas, non secular texts of Christians and Jews conclude that God is limitless. If there’s any account of God, then a lone mortal will write the identical. His account doesn’t end however the mortal succumbs to death, Guru Nanak says that solely the Almighty is aware of his limits.”
Return From Baghdad
From Baghdad the Guru passed through Iran, Turkstan and Afghanistan so reached Kabul. Some writers believe that the Guru took the favored route from Baghdad towards Teheran, Kandhar and reached Kabul. On his means he passed through Mehds. Bhai Mani Singh’s Janamsakhi makes a reference of his visit to the present place. Since the visit of Guru Nanak to Kabul, the Sikh contacts had been rigorously maintained. Sikh preachers were stationed there to publicise the teachings of the Guru. At one time Bhai Gurdas conjointly served joined of the Sikh missionaries at Kabul.
From Kabul the Guru proceeded to Jalalabad, Sultanpur and undergone the Khyber Pass to succeed in metropolis. There are Gurdwaras at Jalalabad and Sultanpur to mark his visit. There are springs of water related to his visit. The Guru paid a visit to the Gorakh Hatri and had discourse with Yogis. He conjointly visited Hassan Abdal, currently referred to as Panja sahib, and Sat at the foot of hill.
Guru Nanak at Hassan Abdal
Wali Qandhari’s Hill
Gurdwara Panja European at the location of this incident
On the top of the near hill, there lived a Muslim priest (also mentioned as a “pir”). His name was Bawa Wali Qandhari. Wali Qandhari had established a celebrated dera (holy place) at this hill at Hasan Abdal, close to a natural fountain. His house was terribly near the water spring from wherever the water flowed all the way down to the city and was then utilized by the individuals for all their desires. There was no alternative supply of water near , thus Wali Qandhari used this dera to help folks that followed his religion and to penalize the “non-believers”.
Wali Qandhari was an arrogant person, once he saw individuals gathering around Guru Nanak ji rather than his place, he became terribly angry. So, he stopped the spring water from flowing all the way down to the city. The individuals became pissed off and currently the question arose, however might they and their oxen survive while not water?
Group Goes To Wali Qandhari To ask for Water
A group of them visited cake Wali Qandhari and begged him to let the water flow down as before. however Bawa Wali Qandhari aforementioned angrily, “Go to your Guru, the one you visit everyday currently and raise him for water.” The individuals visited the Guru and told him the entire story.
The Guru aforementioned, “Don’t lose your heart. Trust in God. He won’t allow you to die of thirst.”
The Guru then aforementioned to Bhai Mardana, “Go and attractiveness to Bawa Wali Qandhari and request him to let the water flow all the way down to the city.”
Bhai Mardana visited attractiveness to Wali Qandhari to unharness the water in order that the village people might quench their thirst and provides water to the thirsty animals. however as before long as Bhai Mardana have to be compelled to the highest of hill, Bawa Wali Qandhari began shouting angrily, “Go back to your Guru and raise him to grant water to the individuals. i’ll not provide you with any water.”
Guru ji asked Bhai Mardana to travel once more. though he was reluctant, Bhai Mardana terribly humbly approached Wali Qandhari and begged for water. He requested and begged him to unharness the water in order that they might quench their thirst, but, Wali Qandhari once more refused to grant him any water and even abused him with harsh words.
Despite all of this, Mardana still terribly with politeness stuck to his request. Wali once more ironically remarked: “Why do not you raise your Master whom you serve? is not he ready to provide you with any water?”
Bhai Mardana Returns Empty handed
Bhai Mardana returned to the Guru and narrated what Bawa Wali Qandhari had aforementioned to him. The Guru sent him another time. Bhai Mardana was terribly reluctant to travel as he knew that the Wali wouldn’t modification his mind; still Bhai Mardana obeyed the Guru’s request.
But once more he came back empty handed with the identical story. The frustration of the general public grew every second. The Guru aforementioned, “Don’t lose your heart. God is nice and merciful. He will build springs ensue where He likes. allow us to all pray to Him.” all of them prayed along with a lot of dedication.
A Small Stream Flows From the bottom
Then Guru Nanak Dev ji upraised a stone below his feet. At once, alittle trickle of cool, clean water began to ensue the place wherever the Guru had upraised the stone.
At the identical time, Bawa Wali Qanhari’s spring began to dry up. He was red with anger; he couldn’t management his fury. during this crazy state of his mind, from the highest of hill he pushed an oversized rock towards the Guru. The rock came rolling down towards the Guru.
Wali’s massive Rock Tumbles Down hill
Wali Qanhari thought that the rock would crush the Guru to death. However, the Guru quietly and sedately raised his hand and also the rock stopped at the moment it touched the Guru’s hand. The Guru’s hand was imprinted on the rock. Wali Qundhari’s pride was broken.
He couldn’t believe however such an enormous rock might are stopped. Instantly, he accomplished that the Guru was an individual of God which God Himself had protected his buff. He quickly decreased and fell at the Guru’s feet. The Guru said to him, “Rise my friend. Live as lovers of God ought to live. Be kind to all or any.”
Gurdwara Sri Panja sahib
The rock with the imprint of the Guru’s palm still exists. there’s an exquisite Gurdwara at that place referred to as the Panja sahib. Panja suggests that “hand print”. Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa, when capture the Sindh province throughout the Sikh rule, had the gorgeous huge Gurdwara and Sarovar (pool) engineered at the location.
Many thousand of people visit the location and during the new summer weather bathe within the cool waters that God disclosed to the Guru and his followers on it day.